Category Archives: Gemstones

The Rarest of the Rare

Diamonds are among the rarest stones in the world, even lower quality diamonds are a luxury not many can afford. Nevertheless, this beautifully colored stone holds the belt as the rarest and most expensive diamond in the world, the red diamond. The gem must be “predominantly” red, meaning no other color hues on the gem besides the deep, red color. The GIA, an Institute constantly grading the worlds most precious stones, further proves the red diamonds rarity by stating that there has never been a diamond who’s color hue can be described as only red from 1957-1987. It is believed that this beautiful stone receives its red color from the gliding of its atoms resulting in change to its atomic structure.

The .95 ct “Hancock Red” is a famous red diamond that was the highest, per-carat stone sold at auction($926,315) in 1987. It went for $800,000 at the Christie’s New York auction. The sale of the Hancock Red tickled the fancy of many celebrities and others around the world. Diamond cutters now know how get the beautiful red color to its full potential.

A little bit out of your price range? Regular diamonds both real and synthetic can treated to produce the lovely red color.

Ever wondered how to find the world’s greatest emeralds?

Recently, Emerald jewelry had a gigantic boom in popularity in both local and international markets. This brings up another topic for wholesalers and buyers on where to buy the best, highest-quality emerald jewelry. I have your answer right here.

Emeralds from Egyptian mines have long been considered to be the best due to the fact that Egypt contains the first known emerald mines. Although, the known start date is not certain as there is a huge time gape, 300-2000 BC. Making the situation even more complicated, many different terms were used for emerald. Any green stone with a light glow was referred to as an emerald.  The heaviest known emerald-mining was done between 330-1237 BC.

Brazil is currently the leading exporter of emeralds. Most of the emeralds mined in Brazil are exported to India to be turned into beads because there quality is no match to Colombian or even African emeralds. Africa(Zambia/Zimbabwe), Madagascar, The middle east(Afghanistan/Pakistan), Russia, Australia, Norway, and the USA. Experts agree that Colombian emeralds are the best quality but Zambian emeralds are the runner up.

Nowadays, It’s easy to find high-quality emeralds anywhere in the world with faster-than-ever delivery as long as they find the right supplier.  Original designs and product excellency will shine light upon the future of both buyers and distributors.


Don’t even think about buying that Emerald without reading this first!

Most of us are familiar with that experience of walking into a jewelry store and falling in love with a beautiful gem at first sight. In all honesty, this should be the main factor kept in mind while buying any gem; as long as you love it that’s all that matters. Although, here are some important, quick pointers to keep handy to prevent overpaying for your favorite gem, especially if you are buying an emerald. Emeralds, much more than any other colored gemstones, will require these guidelines in order to buy the highest quality emerald for the best price.

Color is the main determining price factor for an emerald.  The vanadium and chromium impurities in the emerald give it its beautiful, fine-green color. The color is made of 3 factors: Tone, Hue, and Saturation. The color grading refers to how light or dark the color of the stone is. The most desirable colors of an emerald are a pure green color or a lucid bluish-green color that is evenly spread throughout the stone and with perfect depth right in between dark and pale. The perfect merger between blue and yellow would create the perfect green hue. The color scale ranges from 0 being colorless up to 9 being extremely dark, and everything in between.

Saturation is the purity and intensity of the hue. A higher grade on the saturation scale will be given to the stone with the more intense hue.

Clarity also plays a big factor in the purchasing of any stone, especially an emerald. The amount and size of imperfections in an emerald play a big role in the price but are permitted in emeralds more than in any other gym because finding an emerald with no imperfections in extremely rare.  Many Emeralds contain Jardins(French for garden) in them which are pieces of other minerals along with fractures and other flaws. To some, the imperfections make the stone authentic and tells the story of its journey from creation to the jewelry store.

The emerald cut is a special cut designed especially to protect the emerald from breaking due to its brittleness and usual imperfections and show off its luxury and beauty at the same time. The emerald cut is a step-cut in a square or rectangular shape with cut corners. Emeralds also come in other traditional cuts such as oval or princess. A professionally-cut emerald will hide the imperfections of the emerald. The “vitreous” status will be given to the best cut, lustrous stones.

The best way to clean an emerald is by using clear oil that won’t damage the color. This is accepted in the jewelry community and usually done at the mining site. Treatment info must be disclosed due to the treatment of the stone lowers its value compared to untreated stones.

Just some easy tips to consider while buying an emerald. But the main factor that should seal the deal is your overall love for the stone.

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What is in deed a perfect Diamond??

In order to find the perfect diamond for you, you must consider the 4 c’s: clarity, cut, color, and carat weight. The more you educate yourself about these, the more satisfied with your final product you will be. The perfect diamond would be an IF(Internally flawless) diamond and would have absolutely no color(D-grade colorless). These stones have no visible imperfections and are completely see-through. They are the most perfect, cleanest diamonds. Obviously stones of this nature demand a hefty premium, up to 40% for the same size stone a grade below. This brings up the next question, how far below from perfect are you thinking about going? The Diamond grading scale invented by the Gemological Institute of America, groups[D,E,F] together as colorless, [G,H,I,J] are near-colorless. With the obvious difference in color between D-J, a J grade stone will have a whitish tint to it. The color is graded face-down from one of the sides where the color is more visible and quite frankly it is immensely difficult to tell color flaws between stones with a difference of 1-2 grades. When it comes to clarity, IF(Internally Flawless), VVS(Very Very slightly included), VS(Very slightly included), SI(slightly included). These stones have imperfections that cannot be noticed by the human eye, therefore in some cases, a VS1 diamond could seem as clear as an IF diamond, but not always. The best thing to do is be practical, because of the small differences between grades, it is best to buy a diamond that fits your budget and with overall beauty that appeals you. Just make sure that you receive a GIA certificate and that your diamond is graded correctly and the value not exaggerated.



Demantoid Garnet

Other Names: Uralian Emerald
Origin of Name: Greek «διαμντοειδες» meaning diamond-like
Meaning of the Stone: January Birthstone
Classification: precious gemstone
Family: Mineral
Region: Russia, Namibia, Italy
Color: light green, dark green
Transparency: Translucent, Transparent
Fracture: Conchoidal
Hardness (Gravity): 6.5-7 (3.84)
Crystal System: Cubic
Similar minerals: Andradite

1. Legend and History:

Garnet minerals have been known and used for many years; Demantoid garnet however was discovered only in 1853, in Russia, more specifically the Ural Mountains.
This gemstone grew quickly in popularity and was considered a beautiful and expensive gemstone which should be treasured by every collector.
Peter Carl Faberge, the famous jeweler had created many magnificent pieces of jewelry with demantoid garnet.

In reference to historical matters, Garnet has been cited in many findings, for example Plato had his portrait engraved on a garnet; Demntoid however has not been mentioned in mythology or history as it is believed that the first ever finding was in fact in 1853.

2. Origin in nature and use:

Demantoid is a green gemstone variety of andradite, which is a mineral of the garnet group. The reason demantoid has its beautiful dark green color is particles of chromium within its chemical formula.

Although demantoid is a green gemstone, it’s appearance in nature ranges from a yellow color to dark green, in some cases even resembling an emerald.
The usual cut for demantoid gemstones is either the emerald cut or cushion cut, as best suited for jewelry.

3. Interesting Facts:

Dematoid gemstones from the Ural Mountains, often have inclusions of chrysolite which look like golden threads that usually curve and resemble a horses tail, thus called horsetails. Horsetails are believed by some to increase the gemstone’s value, this however is probably not correct as they are nonetheless inclusions to a clear stone.

4. Care and Storing:

Such beautiful gemstones as Demantoid Garnet are best kept in presentation boxes or very soft velvet pouches, away from harder stones which may damage or scratch them. Cleaning is recommended by means of a soft cloth and warm water.


Other Names: Bolivianita
Meaning of the Stone: Birthstone of February and November, as it is a mix of amethyst and citrine
Classification: precious gemstone
Family: Silica, Quartz
Region: Bolivia (although easily found, there is only one deposit)
Color: Violet and yellow
Transparency: Transparent
Fracture: Conchoidal
Hardness (Gravity): 7 (2.65)
Crystal System: Amorphous
Similar minerals: amethyst, citrine

1. Legend and History:

Ametrine is a relatively new found crystal upon which not many historical events and legends have occurred; It is however said to hold the attributes of both amethyst and citrine and combine them with its own unique powers.
It is believed that ametrine reaches to the root of problems, thus allowing for it’s wearer to easily speak and solve his inner problems with people close to him.Furthermore, it’s cleansing abilities are said to dissolve negativeness, and toxins from the body.

2. Origin in nature and use:

Ametrine is a natural mixture of amethyst and citrine; the exact occurrence of the mixture is not fully known in the scientific community, and it may take decades for the exact reason of formation to be known, it is thought however to be formed by a combined effect of high pressure and temperature in deposits which hold both amethyst and citrine, thus causing the later to fuse with the first and adopt a partial area of its color. It is also considered possible that the bi-coloration of the gem is due to a difference in temperature and pressure in the course of one stone meaning in layman’s terms, that only a part of the crystal has heated to the extent to which it adopted the color of amethyst.

Most ametrine crystals are shaped in an emerald cut, however, when one cuts such crystals significant consideration must be given to the percentage of colorations; most gem cutters aim to achieve a 50-50 cut in order to preserve an equal amount of both colors, this method however quickly became too classic for buyers, but also left much ametrine unused.
Furthermore, another fact which must be known in reference to the Ametrine stone, is that much of the ametrine being sold nowadays comes from Russia, and therefore is synthetic; it has many similar physical properties to true ametrine as it is it’s natural counterpart, thus causing difficulties in identification processes. Easily identifiable “fake” ametrine however is that which seems to contain combinations of green and yellow, or light blue, as these colorations do not naturally occur.

3. Interesting Facts:

Ametrine is found in one deposit, that of the Anahi mines, in Bolivia; The Anahi mines received their name in a rather interesting manner. It is said that in the 17th century, a Spanish respected political figure received the mine as a marriage settlement of a princess from the Ayoreos tribe, the Indian tribe which lived in that area; The name of the princess was Anahi.

4. Care and Storing:

As has been mentioned above, only one deposit of ametrine exists, thus the timeframe in which such crystals will be around for is unknown, meaning that owners of such beautiful bi-colored stones should store them safely in a soft presentation box or velvet pouch, and clean the frequently with warm water and a soft cloth, paying attention to the detail, and not using toxic or alcohol based solutions.


DanburiteOther Names:
Origin of Name: Location, Danbury, USA
Meaning of the Stone: Leo starsign
Classification: semi-precious
Family: Tectosilicates
Region: USA, Mexico, Bolivia, Japan,Russia,Madagascar
Color: colorless, yellow(light-faded) grey,brown,pink
Transparency: transparent, translucent
Fracture: Conchoidal, uneven
Hardness (Gravity): 7-7.5 (2.97-3.03)
Crystal System: orthohombric
Similar Minerals: Topaz, Apatite, Citrine

1. Legend and History:

Danburite is a relatively newly discovered stone carrying no historical or legendary matters; It was first discovered in 1839 by Charles Upham Shephard in Danbury, Connecticut, USA, and this is where it’s name derived from.
Danburite is said to be a stone of strong spirituality and an excellent crystal for the relief of stress and worries. In addition, it is said to help with restless sleep disorders, stimulation of the heart, and bring on its wearer a positive outlook on life.

2. Origin in nature and use:

Danburite is a common mineral, but rather rare as a semi-precious gemstone. Honey colored crystals are known to be excavated in Baja, California, while colorless crystals, of up to 10cm high are found in Charcas, Mexico.
In addition, Russia, Bolivia, and Burma also have Danburite deposits where large white, yellow and green crystals have been found.
This gemstone is usually cut en cabochon or with flat sides to be put on jewelry as it resembles topaz and citrine both which are rather expensive and rare.

3. Interesting Facts:

Danburite has often been referred to as the stone of “joy and celebration”.

4. Care and Storing:

Danburite is best stored in a presentation box or soft cloth pouch; It is cleaned with water and soap. Danburite must not be cleaned with steam or use of ultrasound.


Coral, Coral gemstone, Coral jewelryOther Names: Precious coral, red coral
Origin of Name: Greek Word «κοραλι» meaning coral
Meaning of the Stone:
Classification: semi-precious
Family: Corallium rubrum
Region: Australia, Algeria, Italy, France, Spain, Japan, Taiwan, Mauritius, Cuba
Color: Red, pink, rarely white, light blue, black
Transparency: opaque
Hardness (Gravity): 3.5-4 (2.6-2.7)
Crystal System:
Similar Minerals:

1. Legend and History:

Coral has been found in archeological sites which date back to 10.000BC; It was very popular in Ancient Egypt for the art of jewelry making, but also in Celtic tribes, from which it is believed to have got its name from.
Coral had a great trade associated to it in the beginning of the Christian Era, from the Mediterranean to India where it was believed to have many mystical powers.
The Romans believed that coral, when hung around children’s necks, would protect them from danger.
It is believed that coral sharpens the mind, and cleanses the urinal path but also heals problems of the eyes.

2. Origin in nature and use:

Coral, is in fact a species of marine life, and is the common name given to the specific species of corallium rubrum, It is rather durable in the form of a gemstone and used for many types of jewelry.
The hard skeleton of coral is matte in its natural form, but most often polished up to provide a glossy shine when used in jewelry. As coral is relatively soft however, it is usually cut en cabochon or used in order to make beads.

3. Interesting Facts:

In Ancient Greek Mythology, I is said that Poseidon, the God of the Seas, lived in a palace which solely made out of coral.

4. Care and Storing:

Coral should be protected from heat, sweat, and beauty products which may make it fade and loose it’s natural color. There are however techniques for coral to get back its color, mainly by dipping it into hydrogen superoxide. Soap and water is recommended in order to clean coral, while heat and ultrasound should be avoided.

Color-Change Sapphire

Other Names:
Origin of Name: Greek «σαπφειρος»
Meaning of the Stone: September birthstone
Classification: precious
Family: Oxide Mineral
Region: Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Canada, Brazil, (Tanzania is the main deposit for color-change sapphire)
Color: Varieties of blue, purple, blue-purple, pink-orange
Transparency: transparent to translucent, opaque
Fracture: conchoidal, uneven
Hardness (Gravity): 9 (3.99-4.10)
Crystal System: Trigonal
Similar Minerals: Tourmaline, Topaz, Zircon, Tanzanite

1. Legend and History:

The remarkable beauty and amazing properties of sapphire have intrigued people from the beginning of historical times; In the past the majority of blue precious and semi precious stones were named sapphires. It was not until the 19th century when sapphires and rubies were recognized as varieties of corundum. In Medieval times sapphire was said to reflect the sky and the highest of spiritual values.
Sapphire is considered to be a symbol of wealth and prestige, and is said to relieve it’s wearer from pain, protect from evil, as well as bring power, honor and immortality to its wearer.

2. Origin in nature and use:

Color change sapphire is considered to be a highly rare variety of sapphire, as it has the ability to exhibit different colors in different light, thus being blue when outdoors and purple when in indoor light, but also pink and green.
Not all stones exhibit the same change in color; others change fully while others only partially, like for example a change from blue to bluish purple.
Although color change sapphire deposits are found in many regions, the main location for high quality gemstones is in Tanzania.

3. Interesting Facts:

Given the remarkable hardness that the sapphire stone exhibits, it is not only used in jewelry making; Sapphire crystal is used for most watches as it does not break easily and is fairly scratchproof. In addition, some high quality windows are made of sapphire.

4. Care and Storing:

Sapphire should be protected from high temperatures as it may lose its color and beauty. Cleaning sapphire has no true limitations and any method may be preferred, caution must be taken however when the crystal has inclusions.

Color-Change Garnet

Other Names: Granat
Origin of Name: French (pomme) grenat,
Meaning of the Stone: January Birthstone
Classification: semi-precious
Family: Nesosilicate
Region: USA, South Africa, Russia,
Color: Technically all colors (blue however is visible in specific lighting)
Transparency: transparent,translucent
Fracture: conchoidal, uneven
Hardness (Gravity): 6.5-7.5(3.1-4.3)
Crystal System: Cubic, rhombic
Similar Minerals: Ruby, emerald, chrome diopside

1. Legend and History:

The name garnet is said to originally derive from the latin “granatus” which means seed, however, a more efficient meaning is that of the French word (pomme) grenat, meaning pomegranate as most garnet crystals look like the seeds found inside a pomegranate.
Garnet was, for many years, a very sought for semi-precious stone, as jewelry has been found which is dated back to the 6th century B.C. Plinius named all stones which had a reddish color, including garnet, carbunculi.
It is believed that garnet protects it’s wearer from enemies, stimulates the imagination and strengthens the power of love. In addition it is said to cure arthritis, rheumatism, and gaps in the memory.

2. Origin in nature and use:

Garnet is a color changing gemstone, occurring in every color except blue, which may only be seen under specific lighting and circumstances; Most varieties of garnet are named based on their color, for example pyrope garnet received its name from its red almost fire like color.
The main varieties of garnet recognized are, pyrope, almandine, spessartine, grossular, uvarovite, and andradite.
Garnet is mainly used as a gemstone to create beautiful jewelry as it may be found in many colors depending on the variety, thus resembling Alexandrite which is a highly expensive and rare stone.

3. Interesting Facts:

The rarest of the Garnet varieties, which was not discovered until the 1990s, is the blue garnet, a color thought not to exist in garnet. Although the blue color can only be seen under specific lighting and environment.

4. Care and Storing:

Garnet must be kept from sudden changes in temperature and knocks. Cleaning must take place only with water and soap, followed by a soft cloth; Steam cleaning is not recommended for garnet and should be avoided.