Origin of Name: Greek αμέθυστος, meaning non-intoxicated, due to the belief that it protects from inebriation
Meaning of the Stone: February birthstone
Classification: semi precious
Family: Silica, Quartz
Region: USA, Britain,Canada, Brazil,Mexico, Russia,Sri Lanka, Uruguay, Indies
Color: deep purple, ranging to lavender and pink
Transparency: Transparent to translucent
Hardness (Gravity): 7 (2.65) both hardness and gravity tend to alternate in impure varieties
Crystal System: Rhombohedral, trigonal
Similar Minerals: agate, fluorite, apatite, further quartz types
1. Legend and History:
Legend has it that Amethyst was created in Ancient Greece by the God Dionysus; more specifically Dionysus, the god of intoxication was insulted by a mortal, on whom he unleashed a pack of tigers to attack. Amethyst, a beautiful young woman was on her way to worship the Greek Goddess Artemis, but crossed the path of the angry tigers, thus Artemis turned her into crystal in order to protect her from the brutal attack; On the sight of what he had caused, Dionysus is said to have wept tears of wine thus giving the purple color to the crystal of Amethyst.
In addition Amethyst was believed to protect from intoxication, thus wearers of this stone could drink more without the effects of alcohol indulgence; furthermore, in reference to healing beliefs, amethyst is said to strengthen the immune system and cleanse the blood. It also relieves from headaches and releases tension.
Amethyst also helps with decision-making and meditation, as it leads thought to the depths of the mind, thus allowing for clearer views.It cleanses the aura and transforms negative energy. Lastly, Amethyst should be worn around the neck and close to the heart in order to enhance it’s attributes, however, it can also be used in cases of sleep disorder and nightmares; in such cases it is best to place the crystal under ones pillow.
2. Origin in nature and use:
The quality of Amethyst, as with many other crystals, varies dependent on it’s source of excavation, with the most rare and expensive deposits being those of Siberia, which carry out a deep purple color with tints of blue and red in their varieties. Amethyst is usually found in the form of small pyramidal crystals, although some deposits, such as those in Mexico often display large prismatic crystals which are thought to be highly collectable due to their natural elegance. In addition, Amethyst formations have also been found in the form of geodes, some of which have been recorded to weigh many tons and stand many feet tall.
3. Interesting Facts:
Amethyst was considered to be a crystal of the cardinal family, one of the most valuable gemstones along with diamonds, sapphire, rubies and emeralds; in the 18th century however extensive deposits were discovered and therefore the general value of the crystal decreased, although there are still some varieties which are considered to be rare according to collectors and gemologists, such as the “Deep Russian” variety.
4. Care and Storing:
Amethyst, as all crystals, may be scratched and loose it’s shine, thus frequent cleaning with warm water and a soft cloth is advised, as is also correct and safe storing in a cool and shady place, as it looses it’s color when left in the sun.